Blood sugar (also called blood glucose) is the amount of glucose (a type of sugar) circulating in a person's blood. Glucose is an important source of energy for the body and is obtained from the food we eat.
Blood sugar is regulated by hormones such as insulin and glucagon, which are produced by the pancreas. Insulin allows glucose to be taken up from the blood into the body's cells, while glucagon releases stored glucose when blood sugar levels drop.
An excessively high blood sugar is called hyperglycemia and can be the result of several factors, including diabetes, stress and an unhealthy lifestyle. A blood sugar level that is too low is called hypoglycaemia and can cause symptoms such as dizziness, weakness and blurred vision.
It is important to control blood sugar, especially for people with diabetes. Regular blood sugar monitoring and following a healthy diet and exercise can help keep blood sugar levels at a healthy level.
Monitoring blood glucose levels is vital for people with diabetes. This way you can prevent or postpone complications. The blood glucose value is the amount of glucose in your blood. This value is indicated in mmol/l. You measure your blood glucose level with a blood glucose meter. A blood glucose meter or blood sugar meter is a device that measures how much glucose is in your blood: your blood glucose value.
Fasting glucose value
In the morning, when you have not eaten or drunk anything, you can measure the fasting glucose value. A normal fasting blood sugar value is: between 4.5 and 8.
When you have eaten, your blood sugar goes up. A normal non-fasting blood sugar value for about 2 hours after eating is: <9.
How can you measure blood sugar yourself?
You prick some blood with a lancing pen containing a blood lancet and you apply it to a test strip, which is in the blood glucose meter. After a few seconds you will see the result on the screen. The number 1 brand for measuring blood sugar is accu chek.
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